To the group of obsessive-compulsive disorder includes fears and phobias, based on the fear of harm either to himself or to others. It may be the fear to kill himself, the terror of sharp objects, fear of infectious diseases, etc.
What is the compulsion? According to the definition of I. N. Gorbach, compulse (translated from Latin) means enforcement action. In other words, the individual realizes that what he’s doing, what he’s afraid of, has no objective prerequisites. But he can not control their actions consciously or to stop them. At the same time, the compulsion implies a psychological “compensation” effects of stressors. So, for example, walking around the room from side to side relieves nervous tension. The same happens in pathological overeating (stress eating), and so on.
Obsessive-compulsive fears are characterized by the appearance of obsessive thoughts and actions that cause patients strong, painful anxiety. Patients are trying to gain control over their fears and actively confront the frightening thoughts, however in most cases unable to do so. It is very important that people retain a critical attitude towards their thoughts. They openly acknowledge that their behavior makes no sense and logic. However, attempts to get rid of Intrusive actions do not bring result, which only exacerbates the anxiety and fears.
People suffering from obsessive-compulsive fears, ashamed of their strange and trying to hide from others their own experiences. This leads to the fact that the tension increases, with the result that the person is in chronic stress. Therefore patients will experience difficulty establishing contacts with others, and can not cope with their professional activity.
In psychiatric practice is most common so-called mysophobia — the obsessive fear of all sorts of contaminants. This marked the following symptoms:
- fear that the skin will get dirt and dust, and feces and urine;
- fear that the body can get toxic substances (household chemicals, fertilizers, waste production);
- fear of ingestion of small foreign bodies, e.g. glass fragments, hair, animals and people;
- the fear of infection by infectious agents (bacteria and viruses).
Such social phobia is characteristic of the pedantic people who place high demands on the purity of his body and housing. On the behavioral level, mysophobia is expressed in the form of constant water treatments, over-processing of foods, careful and repeated cleaning of the apartment. Sometimes these symptoms are perceived as personal characteristics of a person. The disgust and fear of contamination may not affect the quality of life of the patient. However, if under the influence of phobias is changing the way of life of a person, may require the help of a psychologist and psychiatrist.
Behavior of patients with mysophobia
Taking pathological course, a phobia may cause a person to perform many meaningless rituals, which are supposed to “protect” from ingestion of contaminants. For example, metfab can avoid places with large concentrations of people, try not to touch the polluted, contaminated, in his view subjects. Often misogamy repeatedly boiled clothes and treated her with various means of killing microbes. In addition, the patient tries to maintain in his house the sterility that takes a lot of time and effort. This man can constantly make trouble with the family due to the fact that they do not comply with developed “rules of hygiene”: for example, use a dirty sponge to wash dishes or not thoroughly washed their shoes, returning from a walk.
Leaving home, metfab can take a number of actions, which should protect it from contamination. So, some patients do not leave with preservatives and do not leave the house without gauze bandages. If the disease has gone too far, people not knowing how to get rid of the phobia, can and do refuse to leave your home and avoids contact with relatives living with him in the same area.
Fear of sharp objects, and food phobia (fear of getting fat, anorexia), chemophobia (fear of chemical compounds that are chemically synthesized food) – also refer to obsessive-compulsive disorders.
Treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorders
Modern methods of treating phobias allow you to quickly get rid of obsessive fears and return to a normal lifestyle. To cope with obsessive compulsive disorder on their own is problematic: it requires the assistance of a qualified specialist. That is, the therapist will hold comlpexity analysis of the patient’s condition and, given his individual characteristics and stage of the disease, will develop a personalized comprehensive treatment plan. It may include psihoterapevticheskie methods, for example:
- Method of neurolinguistic programming.
- Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy.
- Group psychological training.
- “Shock” therapy (direct interaction with the object of fear).
Also, the therapist can assign therapeutic hypnosis: it is particularly effective when the running form of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Through hypnosis specialist “injects” into the subconscious of the patient positive attitudes, which allow to relate to objects of fear are loyal, and calm.
Is often used and medical therapy. The use of psychostimulants, antidepressants and sedatives allows you to shoot heavy, extensive psychological and somatic symptoms, significantly improve the General condition of the patient.
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